Corrosion inhibition of steel by selected homologues of the class 3-alkyl-5-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazoles in acidic media
The use of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of the bottomhole formation zone leads to the significant corrosion of metals, as well as hydrogen and chloride stress cracking of pump compressor pipes. In order to solve this problem, corrosion inhibitors are added to a hydrochloric acid solution. This article presents the results of a study of the anticorrosive activity of a number of derivatives of the class of 3-alkyl-5-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole under the conditions of hydrochloric acid corrosion of low-carbon steel.
During the study, selected 3-alkyl-5-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazoles were synthesized. Their structure was confirmed and proved using NMR spectroscopy and HPLC/MS spectrometry. Regularities of the anticorrosive ction of the investigated compounds have been established using polarization electrochemical studies and gravimetric direct corrosion tests. Corrosion rates, inhibition coefficients and degrees of protection have been calculated for all inhibitors. The probable mechanism of the inhibitory action of the studied compounds has been substantiated using quantum chemical calculations based on the density functional theory using the Gaussian program.
It was shown that the structure of the alkyl substituents has the greatest effect on the inhibitory activity of the studied compounds. The mechanism was proposed for the adsorption of the inhibitor, which explained the increase in protective properties with an increase in the length of the alkyl substituent. The high hydrophobicity of the aliphatic fragment, not involved in the chemisorption process, additionally prevents the acid solution from contacting the metal surface, while the heterocyclic moiety ensures the sorption of the inhibitor on the metal surface.
As a result, it was shown that derivatives of the homologous series of 3-alkyl-5-aminotriazole are suitable as inhibitors of acid corrosion of ST-3 steel. The minimum length of a hydrocarbon radical at which significant inhibitory activity was observed is 7 carbon atoms. Protection degrees of 65–85% were achieved when 3-heptyl-5-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole additives at a concentration of at least 2 g/L were added to the hydrochloric acid solution.
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