Strategizing development processes research and innovation sphere of subjects Russian Federation

Keywords: strategies of regions, tasks of innovative development

Abstract

Subject of research. Strategizing (strategic planning) of the development of the scientific and innovative sphere of the Russian Federation subjects.
The purpose of the study. The purpose of the study is to assess the current practice of strategic planning of the development of the scientific and innovative sphere of the Russian Federation (regions), to identify its inherent positive aspects and limitations.
Methodology. The method of content analysis of strategies for socio-economic development of regions was used, supplemented by a comparative analysis of the key tasks presented in them for the development of the scientific and innovative sphere and the measures that the public authorities intend to implement. The information base of the analysis includes updated strategies for social and economic development of the Voronezh, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, and Samara regions developed in accordance with the requirements of the Federal law of the Russian Federation No. 172 of June 28, 2014 «on strategic planning in the Russian Federation».
Results and discussion. The positive aspects of the strategy practice include setting tasks related to the development of the market for intellectual property objects, venture financing, international production cooperation of enterprises, and the export of innovative products. Another positive aspect is the development of measures that are relatively new for most regions. These include measures to ensure: the creation of technology and innovation support centers based on higher education institutions, the formation of leading research centers, including world-class ones; promotion of innovative developments of small and medium-sized businesses to foreign markets; consolidation of young specialists in science and innovative activities; solution of social, housing and professional problems of young scientists and prospective researchers; creation of an environment for online communications between innovation developers, business and government agencies; promotion of innovative culture through mass media and the Internet; implementation of information policy aimed at increasing the prestige of innovation and scientific activities. Among the limitations of the practice of strategizing is defined: carried out only in a few strategies, setting new targets for the development of scientific-innovative sphere; selectivity of the proposed measures concerning the composition of the key objectives identified.
Conclusions. Identified positive aspects and limitations of contemporary practice in strategies of scientific-innovation sphere indicate the need for learning from the experience of advanced regions, demand for policy formation necessary key tasks of its development and measures to ensure their effective solution.

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Author Biography

Igor E. Risin, Voronezh State University

Doctor of economics, Professor, Head of the Regional Economy and Territorial Development Chair at The Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russian Federation

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Published
2020-09-30
How to Cite
Risin, I. E. (2020). Strategizing development processes research and innovation sphere of subjects Russian Federation. Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Economics and Management, (3), 78-88. https://doi.org/10.17308/econ.2020.3/3107
Section
Regional Economy